Articulation

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Origin

Latin articulatus jointed, past participle of articulare, from articulus (see article)

Definitions

  • 1a : divided into syllables or words meaningfully arranged : intelligible
b : able to speak
c : expressing oneself readily, clearly, or effectively <an articulate teacher>; also : expressed readily, clearly, or effectively <an articulate argument>
  • 2a : consisting of segments united by joints : jointed <articulate animals>
b : distinctly marked off
For lessons on the related topic of Expression, follow this link.

Description

In graph theory, a biconnected component (or 2-connected component) is a maximal biconnected subgraph. Any connected graph decomposes into a tree of biconnected components called the block tree of the graph. The blocks are attached to each other at shared vertices called cut vertices or articulation points. Specifically, a cut vertex is any vertex that when removed increases the number of connected components.

In music, articulation refers to the musical direction performance technique which affects the transition or continuity on a single note or between multiple notes or sounds.

There are many types of articulation, with each having a different effect on how the note is played. Some articulation marks include the slur, phrase mark, staccato, staccatissimo, accent, sforzando, rinforzando, and legato. Each articulation is represented by a different symbol placed above or below the note (depending on its position on the staff).