Italian caravana, from Persian kārvān
- 1a : a company of travelers on a journey through desert or hostile regions; also : a train of pack animals
2a : a covered wagon or motor vehicle equipped as traveling living quarters
A caravan (Persian: کاروان) is a group of people traveling together, often on a trade expedition. Caravans were used mainly in desert areas and throughout the Silk Road, where traveling in groups aided in defense against bandits as well as helped to improve economies of scale in trade.