Classical Latin dictātiōn-, dictātiō dictated draft (2nd cent. a.d.), in post-classical Latin also action of dictating, order, command (4th cent.) < dictāt-, past participial stem of dictāre
- 1:a. Something which has been dictated; a pronouncement; a text or passage which has been given out and written down.
- b. b. The transcription of a dictated passage, esp. one in a foreign language, as a school exercise; a passage transcribed in this way.
- 2.a. Authoritative utterance or prescription; the making of a pronouncement or stipulation; command, bidding
For speakers of French, la dictée is a school exercise that aims at testing the mastery of orthography and grammar. Since many features of French grammar are distinguished in writing but not in speech, this can be a challenging task.
Certain dictées became famous for their difficulty or their interest, like those of Prosper Mérimée and Bernard Pivot. In several countries of the world (including Switzerland, France, Belgium, and Canada), the dictations are the subject of structured championships, similar to English spelling bees.