- Date: 14th century
- transitive verb
- 1 a : to inspect closely
- b : to test the condition of
- c : to inquire into carefully : investigate
- 2 a : to interrogate closely <examine a prisoner>
- intransitive verb : to make or give an examination
In an academic or professional context, examinations (or exams for short) are tests or assessments which aim to determine the ability of a student or a prospective practitioner. Exams are usually written tests, although some may be practical or have practical components, and vary greatly in structure, content and difficulty depending on the subject, the age group of the tested persons and the profession. A person who passes an examination receives a diploma, a driving or professional license, depending on the examination's objectives.
In the UK an examination is usually supervised by an invigilator. The invigilator is responsible for the smooth running of the examination, and for ensuring that there is no cheating.