Turki ordā, also ordī, ordū, urdū camp, whence Russian orda horde, clan, crowd, troop, Polish horda, German, Danish horde, Swedish hord, Italian orda, Spanish, Provençal horda, French horde. The initial h appears in Polish, and thence in the Western European languages. The various forms horda, horde, hord were due to the various channels through which the word came into English
An orda (also orda, ordu, ordo, ordon, horde) was a historical sociopolitical and military structure found on the Eurasian Steppe, usually associated with the Mongols. This entity can be seen as regional equivalent of a clan or a tribe. Some successful ordas gave rise to khanates.
While the Slavic term, ordo, and western, horde, were in origin a borrowing from the Mongol term ordo for "camp, headquarters", the original term did not carry the meaning of a large khanates such as the Golden Horde. These structures were contemporarily referred to as ulus ("nation" or "tribe"). It was only in the Late Middle Ages that the Slavic usage of orda was borrowed back into the Turkic languages.[
- b : a people or tribe of nomadic life
- 2: a teeming crowd or throng : swarm