1a : a detailed account : enumeration <a recital of names and dates>
- b : the act or process or an instance of reciting
- c : discourse, narration <a colorful recital of a night on the town>
2a : a concert given by an individual musician or dancer or by a dance troupe
- b : a public exhibition of skill given by music or dance pupils
A recital is a musical (vocal or instrumental) performance. It can highlight a single performer, sometimes accompanied by piano, or a performance of the works of a single composer.
The invention of the solo piano recital has been attributed to Franz Liszt.
Also, a recital may have many participants, as for a dance recital.