Originally classical Latin recollect-, past participial stem of recolligere to gather up again, reassemble, to repossess oneself of (property), to recover (mentally), to regain (one's strength), (reflexive) to pull oneself together, take heart, in post-classical Latin also to recall, remember (11th or 12th cent. in continental sources; from 12th cent. in British sources), (reflexive) to withdraw (a1240 in a British source) Compare Middle French recolligier to extract (from a written work) (c1370), Middle French recolliger, French récolliger to collect together (16th cent.; rare), (reflexive) to meditate or contemplate religiously (1636)
- transitive verb
- 1 : to bring back to the level of conscious awareness : remember <trying to recollect the name>
- 2 : to remind (oneself) of something temporarily forgotten
- intransitive verb
- to call something to mind
When discussing memory, recall is the act of retrieving from long term memory a specific incident, fact or other item. A temporary failure to retrieve information from memory is known as the tip of the tongue phenomenon. Various means, including metacognitive strategies, priming, and measures of retention may be employed to improve later recall of a memory.