With regard to living things, a body is the physical material of an individual. "Body" often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death.

To "embody" something is to make it manifest in a form that others may see.

Human body

The human body mostly consists of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs.

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In some contexts, a superficial element of a body, such as hair may be regarded as not a part of it, even while attached. The same is true of excretable substances, such as stool, both while residing in the body and afterwards. Plants composed of more than one cell are not normally regarded as possessing a body.


The dead body of a human is referred to as a cadaver, or corpse. The dead bodies of vertebrate animals, insects and humans are sometimes called carcasses. The study of the structure of the body is called human anatomy.


In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy, the body is considered in behavior and therefore considered as little valued [1] and trivial. Many modern philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body.


"The Isle of Paradise is nonpersonal and extraspiritual, being the essence of the universal body, the source and center of physical matter, and the absolute master pattern of universal material reality."[2]


  1. The mind-body problem by Robert M. Young
  2. Kim, J. (1995). Honderich, Ted. ed.. Problems in the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

See Also

Oxford Companion to the Body