With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual. "Body" often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology.
The human body mostly consists of a head, neck, torso, two arms and two legs.
In some contexts, a superficial element of a body, such as hair may be regarded as not a part of it, even while attached. The same is true of excretable substances, such as stool, both while residing in the body and afterwards. Plants composed of more than one cell are not normally regarded as possessing a body.
The dead body of a human is referred to as a cadaver, or corpse. The dead bodies of vertebrate animals, insects and humans are sometimes called carcasses. The study of the structure of the body is called human anatomy.
In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy, the body is considered in behavior and therefore considered as little valued  and trivial. Many modern philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body.
- The mind-body problem by Robert M. Young
- Kim, J. (1995). Honderich, Ted. ed.. Problems in the Philosophy of Mind. Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.