Difference between revisions of "Righteousness"

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==Etymology==
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alteration of earlier rightuous, alteration of [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._1100-1500_.09THE_MIDDLE_ENGLISH_PERIOD Middle English] rightwise, rightwos, from [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._600-1100.09THE_OLD_ENGLISH.2C_OR_ANGLO-SAXON_PERIOD Old English] rihtwīs, from riht, noun, right + wīs wise
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*Date: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_Century 1530]
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==Definitions==
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*1 : [[acting]] in accord with [[divine]] or [[moral]] [[law]] : free from [[guilt]] or [[sin]]
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*2 a : morally right or justifiable <a righteous [[decision]]>
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:b : arising from an outraged sense of [[justice]] or [[morality]] <righteous indignation>
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*3 slang : genuine, excellent
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:synonyms see [[moral]]
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==Description==
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'''Righteousness''' (also called rectitude) is an important theological [[concept]] in [[monotheism]]. It is an [[attribute]] that implies that a [[person's]] [[actions]] are justified, and can have the connotation that the person has been "judged" or "reckoned" as leading a life that is [[Pleasure|pleasing]] to [[God]]. Righteousness is also used as an attribute for God. [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=Book_of_Psalms#Psalm_2 Psalm 2] speaks of one being shielded by God and receiving favor because of righteousness.
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The [[English]] word righteous was coined by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Tyndale William Tyndale], who remodelled the [[word]] after an earlier word rihtwis, which would have yielded [http://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#1500-present.09THE_MODERN_ENGLISH_PERIOD Modern English] rightwise or rightways. He used it to [[translate]] the Hebrew root צדקים (TzDYQ), tzedek (see [[Melchizedek|Melchi'''zedek''']]), which appears more than five hundred times in the [[Hebrew Bible]], and the [[Greek]] [[word]] δικαιος (dikaios), which appears more than two hundred times in the [[Christian Bible|New Testament]].
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[[Category: Law]]
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[[Category: Religion]]

Revision as of 17:39, 22 January 2010

Lighterstill.jpg

Etymology

alteration of earlier rightuous, alteration of Middle English rightwise, rightwos, from Old English rihtwīs, from riht, noun, right + wīs wise

Definitions

b : arising from an outraged sense of justice or morality <righteous indignation>
  • 3 slang : genuine, excellent
synonyms see moral

Description

Righteousness (also called rectitude) is an important theological concept in monotheism. It is an attribute that implies that a person's actions are justified, and can have the connotation that the person has been "judged" or "reckoned" as leading a life that is pleasing to God. Righteousness is also used as an attribute for God. Psalm 2 speaks of one being shielded by God and receiving favor because of righteousness.

The English word righteous was coined by William Tyndale, who remodelled the word after an earlier word rihtwis, which would have yielded Modern English rightwise or rightways. He used it to translate the Hebrew root צדקים (TzDYQ), tzedek (see Melchizedek), which appears more than five hundred times in the Hebrew Bible, and the Greek word δικαιος (dikaios), which appears more than two hundred times in the New Testament.