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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
[https://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._1100-1500_.09THE_MIDDLE_ENGLISH_PERIOD Middle English], from [https://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._600-1100.09THE_OLD_ENGLISH.2C_OR_ANGLO-SAXON_PERIOD Old English] cyning; akin to Old High German kuning king, Old English cynn kin
 
[https://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._1100-1500_.09THE_MIDDLE_ENGLISH_PERIOD Middle English], from [https://nordan.daynal.org/wiki/index.php?title=English#ca._600-1100.09THE_OLD_ENGLISH.2C_OR_ANGLO-SAXON_PERIOD Old English] cyning; akin to Old High German kuning king, Old English cynn kin
*Date: before [http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Century 12th century]
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*Date: before [https://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/12th_Century 12th century]
 
==Definitions==
 
==Definitions==
 
*1 a : a [[male]] monarch of a major territorial [[unit]]; especially : one whose position is hereditary and who rules for life
 
*1 a : a [[male]] monarch of a major territorial [[unit]]; especially : one whose position is hereditary and who rules for life
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*6 : a checker that has been crowned
 
*6 : a checker that has been crowned
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
A [[king]] is a head of [[state]], who may or may not, depending on the style of [[government]] of a [[nation]], exercise monarchal [[powers]] over a nation, usually called a kingdom or a realm. A king is the second highest [[sovereign]] title, only looking up to an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor emperor]. The [[female]] equivalent of king is queen; although the term "queen" may refer to one ruling as a monarch in her own right, a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_regnant queen regnant], or to the wife of a king, a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_consort queen consort]. A queen who becomes the reigning monarch because the king has died, has become debilitated, or is a minor, is known as a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_regent queen regent]. The [[husband]] of a queen regnant is sometimes styled the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_consort king consort] but is more commonly styled the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_consort prince consort]. A king or queen may wear a crown or carry other regalia ([[symbols]] of office).
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A [[king]] is a head of [[state]], who may or may not, depending on the style of [[government]] of a [[nation]], exercise monarchal [[powers]] over a nation, usually called a kingdom or a realm. A king is the second highest [[sovereign]] title, only looking up to an [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor emperor]. The [[female]] equivalent of king is queen; although the term "queen" may refer to one ruling as a monarch in her own right, a [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_regnant queen regnant], or to the wife of a king, a [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_consort queen consort]. A queen who becomes the reigning monarch because the king has died, has become debilitated, or is a minor, is known as a [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_regent queen regent]. The [[husband]] of a queen regnant is sometimes styled the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_consort king consort] but is more commonly styled the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_consort prince consort]. A king or queen may wear a crown or carry other regalia ([[symbols]] of office).
    
Terms for kings can vary (Sumerian lugal, Semitic melech, Celtic rix, Latin rex, Greek basileus, Sanskrit raja, Germanic kuningaz) and in some cases can be a tribal leader or chief, or the tyrant of a city state. Tribal leaders continue to be referred to as king also into the modern period, e.g. Maquinna, king of perhaps 2000 Nootka people in the early 20th century.
 
Terms for kings can vary (Sumerian lugal, Semitic melech, Celtic rix, Latin rex, Greek basileus, Sanskrit raja, Germanic kuningaz) and in some cases can be a tribal leader or chief, or the tyrant of a city state. Tribal leaders continue to be referred to as king also into the modern period, e.g. Maquinna, king of perhaps 2000 Nootka people in the early 20th century.
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Often, the king will not only have a political function, but also a religious one, acting as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_priest high priest] or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divine_king divine king].
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Often, the king will not only have a political function, but also a religious one, acting as [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_priest high priest] or [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divine_king divine king].
    
In rare cases women have been crowned as kings instead of queens, such as Jadwiga of Poland and Christina of Sweden.
 
In rare cases women have been crowned as kings instead of queens, such as Jadwiga of Poland and Christina of Sweden.

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