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The circumference is the distance around a closed curve. Circumference is a special perimeter.

Circumference of a circle

The circumference of a circle is the length around it. The circumference of a circle can be calculated from its diameter using the formula:


Or, substituting the radius for the diameter:

Circumference 2.jpg

where r is the radius and d is the diameter of the circle, and π (the Greek letter pi) is defined as the ratio of the circumference of the circle to its diameter (the numerical value of pi is 3.141 592 653 589 793...).