- Date: 14th century
- 1 archaic : lechery, lust
- 2 : a condition of abundance or great ease and comfort : sumptuous environment <lived in luxury>
- 3 a : something adding to pleasure or comfort but not absolutely necessary <one of life's luxuries>
Luxury goods are said to have high income elasticity of demand: as people become wealthier, they will buy more and more of the luxury good. This also means, however, that should there be a decline in income its demand will drop. Income elasticity of demand is not constant with respect to income, and may change at different levels of income. That is to say, a luxury good may become a normal good or even an inferior good at different income levels, e.g. a wealthy person stops buying increasing numbers of luxury cars for his automobile collection to start collecting airplanes (at such an income level, the luxury car would become an inferior good).