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  • 1 : put to practical use <applied art>; especially : applying general principles to solve definite problems <applied sciences>
  • 2 : working in an applied science <an applied physicist>

Applied Research

Applied research is research accessing and using some part of the research communities' (the academy's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state, commercial, or client driven purpose. Applied research is often opposed to pure research in debates about research ideals, programs, and projects.

Although it is impossible to generalize completely, Applied Research deals with practical problems and is generally empirical. Because applied research resides in the messy real world, strict research protocols must often be relaxed. For example, it may be impossible to use a random sample. Thus, transparency in the methodology is critical. Implications for interpretation of results brought about by relaxing a more or less strict canon of methodology should also be developed.

Applied Science

Applied science is the application of scientific knowledge transferred into a physical environment. Examples include testing a theoretical model through the use of formal science, or solving a practical problem through the use of natural science.

Fields of engineering are closely related to applied sciences. Applied science is important for technology development. Its use in industrial settings is usually referred to as research and development (R&D).

Applied science differs from fundamental science, which seeks to describe the most basic objects and forces, having less emphasis on practical applications.