Difference between revisions of "Autocracy"

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*Date: [http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th_Century 1655]
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*Date: [https://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th_Century 1655]
 
==Definitions==
 
==Definitions==
 
*1 : the [[authority]] or rule of an ''autocrat'' (one who has unlimited [[power]] & undisputed [[influence]])
 
*1 : the [[authority]] or rule of an ''autocrat'' (one who has unlimited [[power]] & undisputed [[influence]])
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'''Autocracy''' is not synonymous with [[totalitarianism]], as the latter concept was forged in 1923 to distinguish modern regimes from [[traditional]] dictatorships. Nor is it synonymous with military dictatorship, as these often take the form of "[[collective]] presidencies" such as the South American juntas. However, an autocracy may be totalitarian or be a military dictatorship.
 
'''Autocracy''' is not synonymous with [[totalitarianism]], as the latter concept was forged in 1923 to distinguish modern regimes from [[traditional]] dictatorships. Nor is it synonymous with military dictatorship, as these often take the form of "[[collective]] presidencies" such as the South American juntas. However, an autocracy may be totalitarian or be a military dictatorship.
  
The term [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy monarchy] also differs in that it emphasizes the hereditary characteristic, though some Slavic monarchs, specifically [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czar Russian Emperors] traditionally included the title "autocrat" as part of their official styles. This usage originated in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire Byzantine Empire], where the term autokratōr was [[traditional]]ly employed in [[Greek]] to [[translate]] the [[Latin]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperator imperator], and was used along with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basileus Basileus] to mean "emperor". This use remains current in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Greek modern Greek language], where the term is used for any emperor (e.g. the Emperor of Japan), regardless of the [[actual]] [[power]] of the monarch. Historically, many monarchs ruled autocratically but eventually their power was diminished and dissolved with the introduction of [[constitution]]s giving the people the power to make [[decisions]] for themselves through elected bodies of [[government]].
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The term [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy monarchy] also differs in that it emphasizes the hereditary characteristic, though some Slavic monarchs, specifically [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czar Russian Emperors] traditionally included the title "autocrat" as part of their official styles. This usage originated in the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byzantine_Empire Byzantine Empire], where the term autokratōr was [[traditional]]ly employed in [[Greek]] to [[translate]] the [[Latin]] [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperator imperator], and was used along with [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basileus Basileus] to mean "emperor". This use remains current in the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Greek modern Greek language], where the term is used for any emperor (e.g. the Emperor of Japan), regardless of the [[actual]] [[power]] of the monarch. Historically, many monarchs ruled autocratically but eventually their power was diminished and dissolved with the introduction of [[constitution]]s giving the people the power to make [[decisions]] for themselves through elected bodies of [[government]].
  
The autocrat needs some kind of power [[structure]] to rule. Very few rulers were in the position to rule with only their [[personal]] [[charisma]] and [[skills]], however great these may be, without the help of others. Most historical autocrats depended on their nobles, the military, the [[priest]]hood or others, who could turn against the ruler and depose or murder them. As such, it can be difficult to draw a clear line between historical autocracies and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy oligarchies].
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The autocrat needs some kind of power [[structure]] to rule. Very few rulers were in the position to rule with only their [[personal]] [[charisma]] and [[skills]], however great these may be, without the help of others. Most historical autocrats depended on their nobles, the military, the [[priest]]hood or others, who could turn against the ruler and depose or murder them. As such, it can be difficult to draw a clear line between historical autocracies and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligarchy oligarchies].
  
 
[[Category: Political Science]]
 
[[Category: Political Science]]

Latest revision as of 22:47, 12 December 2020

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Nicolas I.png

Definitions

Description

The term autocrat is derived from the word autokratōr (αὐτοκράτωρ, lit. "self-ruler", or "one who rules by himself"). Compare with oligarchy ("rule by the few") and democracy ("rule by the people"). Today the term autocrat is usually understood as being synonymous with despot, tyrant and dictator, although each of these terms originally had a separate and distinct meaning.

Autocracy is not synonymous with totalitarianism, as the latter concept was forged in 1923 to distinguish modern regimes from traditional dictatorships. Nor is it synonymous with military dictatorship, as these often take the form of "collective presidencies" such as the South American juntas. However, an autocracy may be totalitarian or be a military dictatorship.

The term monarchy also differs in that it emphasizes the hereditary characteristic, though some Slavic monarchs, specifically Russian Emperors traditionally included the title "autocrat" as part of their official styles. This usage originated in the Byzantine Empire, where the term autokratōr was traditionally employed in Greek to translate the Latin imperator, and was used along with Basileus to mean "emperor". This use remains current in the modern Greek language, where the term is used for any emperor (e.g. the Emperor of Japan), regardless of the actual power of the monarch. Historically, many monarchs ruled autocratically but eventually their power was diminished and dissolved with the introduction of constitutions giving the people the power to make decisions for themselves through elected bodies of government.

The autocrat needs some kind of power structure to rule. Very few rulers were in the position to rule with only their personal charisma and skills, however great these may be, without the help of others. Most historical autocrats depended on their nobles, the military, the priesthood or others, who could turn against the ruler and depose or murder them. As such, it can be difficult to draw a clear line between historical autocracies and oligarchies.