Real- Anglo-Norman real and Middle French reel, real (French réel) (adjective) (in legal use) that concerns things and not people (1283), actual, concrete (early 14th cent. or earlier in Anglo-Norman), material, objective (c1370), that actually exists (c1485; in French also true, genuine, authentic.
- real - ism 1817
- 1: concern for fact or reality and rejection of the impractical and visionary
- 2a : a doctrine that universals exist outside the mind; specifically : the conception that an abstract term names an independent and unitary reality
- b : a theory that objects of sense perception or cognition exist independently of the mind — compare nominalism
- 3: the theory or practice of fidelity in art and literature to nature or to real life and to accurate representation without idealization
Realism, Realist or Realistic are terms that describe any manifestation of philosophical realism, the belief that reality exists independently of observers, whether in philosophy itself or in the applied arts and sciences. In this broad sense it is frequently contrasted with Idealism.
Realism in the arts concerns the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life. Political realism is a dominant school of thinking within the international relations discipline that prioritizes national interest and security over ideology, moral concerns and social reconstructions. In ethics moral realism takes the view that there are objective moral values. Scientific realism is the view that the world described by science is the real world and Mathematical realism a branch of philosophy of mathematics.